Chapter 39 - The End of Empire



One of the most dramatic developments of the postwar era was the rapid breakup of the colonial empires that had dominated the world at the beginning of the century. Between 1945 and 1975, most of the former colonies of Africa and Asia became independent states. (Namibia was the last, in 1990). A number of forces contributed to the process of decolonialism and helped shape postcolonial societies. This lecture covers the first two sections of the chapter.